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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Kozlova I.V. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleAlafuzov’s linen-spinning factory. Architectural and urban building development of industrial complex of XIX century
Abstract.Alafuzov’s linen-spinning factory is located in the north-western part of the city of Kazan in the Kirov region in the territory of Jagodnaja sloboda, Gladilova street (former Arkhangelskaya) on the banks of the old river bed Kazanka and was founded in the middle of the XIX century. Based on archival research and existing bibliographic and iconographic sources seven major periods of development of the factory were revealed and a graphical reconstruction was made. From the available bibliographic sources and archival documents it is known that at the end of XVIII century in most of the factory was located a tannery which later came into the Kotelov’s property. The first floor of stone and basement of the house Kotelov’ house refers to the same period. In 1833-1859 the main construction of factory buildings began to reveal. Presumably they were mostly of wood and were placed in unstructured way within the factory borders. Kotelov’s house was built in 1833 and is based on the project of a city architect P.G. Pyatnitskiy on the existing stone floor with basement. Later at the same period the building was reconstructed. In 1859 new buildings of two and three floors were built, they were made of wood and brick and included wooden dryers for leather on the top floor. In 1862 linen-spinning production was founded and the construction of a stone building for a textile factory was begun. By 1865 buildings formed a perimeter that created the inner yard space in the center of which the principal place of business (Kotelov’s house) situated. Production has grown even more since 1891. Factory became more close to the river line. During the Soviet period (1928-1936) reconstruction the overall appearance and structure of the factory that had developed for almost two centuries was changed and thus the scale of building altered. Many old factory buildings were even lost. From 1936 till nowadays the shore of Kazanka (after the creation of the Kuibyshev Reservoir) became larger and in this area several buildings were erected.
Keywords.Industrial architecture, Alafuzov I.I., linen spinning manufacture, industrial complex.
For citations:Kozlova I.V. Alafuzov’s linen-spinning factory. Architectural and urban building development of industrial complex of XIX century // Izvestiya KGASU. 2012. №4(22) P.46-53.


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