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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Zhelnakova L.V. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Moscow State University of Civil Engineering The organization address: 129337, Russia, Moscow, Yaroslavskoe sh., 26
Title of the article«Built-in» garden as an adaptive environment for children of special categories
Abstract.The article is devoted to the question of ensuring the normal environment for children with limited mobility. This category includes children with impaired hearing, vision, speech, intelligence, musculoskeletal system, disorders of emotional and volitional and with learning difficulties. Such children can successfully live an active, busy life, can adapt to the environment, to learn and develop. Their life and movement restrict the space of the apartment, because these children often don't have the opportunity to attend the kindergarten. In this situation, the creation of intra-garden with game elements may be the only affordable way to commune with nature in a closed volume of apartment high-rise building in a big city. Positive effect of plants on physical and mental health of the child proved scientifically. A properly designed «Green playroom» is able to lighten the mood, stimulate the child to physical activity to relieve stress. Its importance for the inquisitive little man is hard to overestimate. Not only biological, but also «social» connection arise between the child and plants in urban settings. Plants variety of activities child and «heals» indoor climate. Nowadays phytodesign develops actively. «Adaptive» and «game» phytodesign should be its subsections. Its goal is to explore ways of interior landscaping in terms of access for different types of disabled. Currently, «green architecture» is actively implementing a program to ensure full life to limited mobility people, which are a specific part of any society. But amid all the existing social problems, building houses with gardens for people with disabilities seems unrealistic. However, this is socio-humanistic necessity that society should be carried out in a specific architecture.
Keywords.Immobility citizens, barrier-free, integrated landscaping, «built-in» garden, built environment, phytodesign, green architecture.
For citations:Zhelnakova L.V. «Built-in» garden as an adaptive environment for children of special categories // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №1(27) P.43-49.


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