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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Blinova Anastasiia Vladimirovna architect E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it LLC «Esfoes» Architects The organization address: 420111, Russia, Kazan, Kavi Najmi st., 5 Akhtiamova Rezeda Khakimovna senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Akhtyamov Ilnar Ingelevich senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleEvolution of the crematorium as a facility of infernal architecture in Europe of XX-XXI centuries
Abstract.Problem statement. This article examines the crematoria of the XX-XXI centuries as a facility of infernal architecture. Authors analyze the development of a type of crematorium, initially performing an exclusively utilitarian function, into a personalized space of repose, grief and memory. The purpose of the work is to collect and analyze the European experience in the design of cremation structures, to identify modern trends in the architecture of crematoria, as well as to study the influence of architectural space on the emotional state of the bereaved. Results. During the research we identified functional and technological model, which can serve as a basis for the organization of future cremation facilities; we formulated the tendencies of the space-planning organization of facilities and the adjacent territory, taking into account the psychological factor. Conclusions. The significance of the research results for architecture and urban planning lies in the possibility of applying modern trends in the creation of sacred places in the city, a design that meets the social and psychological needs of a person, using modern technologies.
Keywords.cremation, design tendencies, the architecture of crematoria, history of cremation, infernal architecture, perception of space, death space, farewell space, sacral space, ritual.
For citations:Blinova A.V., Akhtiamova R.Kh., Akhtyamov I.I. Evolution of the crematorium as a facility of infernal architecture in Europe of XX-XXI centuries // Izvestiya KGASU. 2020. №4(54) P.183-193.


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