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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Valery N. Kupriyanov, doctor of technical sciences, professor, corresponding member of the RAACS, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Ilizar T. Mirsayapov, doctor of technical sciences, professor, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Albina G. Khabibulina, Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation. Е-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Adelya M. Khabibulina, architect, Architectural Studio LLC «OFFICE DE», Kazan, Russian Federation. Е-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Title of the articleReconstruction of the volume-planning parameters of schools using the principles and techniques of biophilic architecture
Abstract.Problem statement. The relevance of the study is due to the fact that more than 7 thousand schools in Russia are in need of major repairs and a large-scale state program of major repairs of schools for 2022-2026 has been launched. For the coming years architects and designers have an increasing opportunity to create quality learning environment. This can be done not only by eliminating the physical deterioration of facilities and bringing their characteristics to meet current requirements and standards, but also by modernizing using the principles of "green", bioclimatic and biophilic architecture, which contribute to improving the health and well-being of people. The aim of the study is to approve the method of evaluation of school buildings, based on the use of space-planning parameters of objects, taking into account the principles and techniques of biophilic architecture. Objectives of the study: to evaluate typical projects of schools of the Soviet period, taking into account modern standards of ecological construction, requirements of bioclimatic comfort and biophilic principles, using space-planning parameters specified in the design architectural and construction drawings; consider this method as the primary step for the diagnosis of potential biophilic properties of buildings, visual connection with the environment; make a critical analysis and provide recommendations for the use of this method of assessment Results. The study of Russian and foreign experience in creating biophilic learning spaces showed that preliminary analysis of volumetric and planning parameters of school buildings, can be used to diagnose the potential biophilic properties of objects, such as the efficiency of daylighting, natural ventilation, visual connection with the outside environment. The study critically analyzes the plans, facades, and cuts of typical Soviet school projects from the 1960s-1970s based on contemporary building certification standards and principles of bioclimatic, biophilic architecture. Conclusions. The significance of the obtained results for architects and designers is that the proposed method makes it possible to give a quick initial assessment of the potential biophilic properties of an object during the development of school reconstruction projects on the basis of the volume-planning parameters of buildings specified in the project documentation without a full-scale survey.
Keywords.biophilic architecture, bioclimatic design, architectural and construction expertise, school reconstruction.
For citations:Kupriyanov V.N., Mirsayapov Ilizar T., Khabibulina A.G., Khabibulina A.M. Reconstruction of the volume-planning parameters of schools using the principles and techniques of biophilic architecture // News KSUAE. 2023. № 1 (63), p. 129-144, DOI: 10.52409/20731523_2023_1_129 , EDN: OXPFTY:


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