New issues - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Dilyara A. Nadyrova, associate professor, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Title of the articleCommercial apartment houses of the Old Tatar Quarter of Kazan: - definition of architectural identity on the example of the commercial apartment complex of the Apanaevsky Compound
Abstract.The article examines commercial apartment buildings and complexes of the turn of the XIX and XX centuries in the ethnic district of Kazan - the Old Tatar quarter. In the XXI century they began to fall into disrepair, some of them are completely lost. The relevance of the work is due to the need to research, study and preserve commercial apartment buildings and estate complexes in the development of the Old Tatar Qarter to ensure its sustainable development in the future. The purpose of the study is to identify their architectural identity using the example of the Apanaevsky Compound. The research objectives: to find out the identification codes of commercial apartment complexes (regularities of the location of objects in the structure of the Old Tatar Quarter, identification of architectural features, the nature of the functional filling of commercial apartment complexes and buildings, determination of the identity of the object under study). Results. A comprehensive analysis of the materials of object’s field surveys and historical and archival documents showed the multifunctional nature of the commercial appartment complexes of the Old Tatar Quarter. Following identification codes of the Apanayevsky Compound were determined: urban planning, architectural-historical, functional, national-ethnic, event, revealing its identity. Conclusions. The vast majority of commercial apartment complexes were located in the area of the Sennaya Square of the Old Tatar Quarter. As a rule, the main building of the complex was solved in an eclectic style, later - in Art Nouveau, remained unplastered in red or painted brick. The significance of the research for Kazan and the Republic of Tatarstan is to identify the architectural identity of the commercial apartment buildings of the complexes, manifested in identification codes. The commercial apartment complexes of the Old Tatar Quarter have value both as architectural objects and as monuments bearing an intangible component of the identity of Tatar culture and history. Their loss will negatively affect the historical appearance of Kazan and lead to the loss of sustainable development of this area.
Keywords.commercial apartment house, Old Tatar Quarter, Apanaevsky Compound, commercial apartment complex, identity in architecture, architectural heritage, history of architecture, Sennaya square
For citations:Nadyrova D.A. Commercial apartment houses of the Old Tatar Quarter of Kazan: - definition of architectural identity on the example of the commercial apartment complex of the Apanaevsky Compound // News KSUAE, 2023, № 4(66), p.143-152, DOI: 10.52409/20731523_2023_4_143, EDN: IBWRAT

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