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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Zeyfert M.G. – candidate of the architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articlePeculiarities of formation and development of the early Christian churches architecture
Abstract.Problem statement. The purpose of the study was to reveal the peculiarities of formation and development of the architecture of early Christian churches. The main results of the study are as follows. Results.1. With the birth of Christianity the functionality of religious buildings has been radically changed. In times of persecution the conduct of religious rites occurred in structures designed for other purposes. Features of space-planning decisions of such structures as synagogues, houses, crypts and chapels of the catacombs, basilicas, to a greater or lesser extent influenced the formation of a new type of architecture of religious buildings. 2. Despite the rejection of previously used structures such as spacer arches and thick walls, many items of antiquity found its continuation in the structure of Church buildings: the apse, covered by conch, a courtyard surrounded by porticos etc. 3. Almost in all observed churches spolii are used as part of the destroyed ancient building, and form of buildings depends on the surviving foundations, which are located underneath the early development. 4. In addition to the basic types of church buildings – longitudinal and centric, stands the third type – the combined one, more complex, based on a combination of linear and centric space-planning elements; this technique is typical for large antique ensembles – terms, palaces. Conclusions. The significance of the results obtained for the architecture is the confirmation of continuity in the emergence of a new type of buildings and the formation of architectural styles.
Keywords.history of architecture, ancient architecture, early Christian churches, the succession of architectural elements.
For citations:Zeyfert M.G. Peculiarities of formation and development of the early Christian churches architecture // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №4(42) P.15-22.


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