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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Gayvoronskaya Z.I. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Aidarova G.N. – doctor of architecture, professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleClassification features of water components and structures in the formation of the architectural environment
Abstract.Problem statement. The article is devoted to revealing the experience of formation of architectural and town-planning objects interconnected with water structures. Results. Aquamorphological features of urban spaces of modern times are revealed. Based on the analysis of scientific research and practical experience, a classification of architectural objects interacting with water is suggested: drive object, water-containing object, underwater object, water-structured object, surface object, floating object, water-green plant. The city-forming, ecological, climate-regulating, composition-spatial, form-forming, decorative, resource-saving properties of water used in architecture and town planning are revealed, a table of water effects on the types of architectural and town-planning objects is presented: a drive object, a surface object, an underwater object, a floating object, a water-structured object, a water-containing object, a water-green plant. The main approaches to the creation of aqua-architecture objects are revealed. Conclusions. At the present time a special kind of architecture is being formed, the instrument of which is natural components, in particular water. A wide range of compositional techniques of aqua architecture opens access to unique solutions, radically changing the idea of the possibilities of architectural shaping. Water in architecture includes a wide arsenal of means of humanizing the environment of life.
Keywords.aquamorphology, architecture and water, water components and structures, aqua-architecture, water properties in architecture.
For citations:Gayvoronskaya Z.I., Aidarova G.N. Classification features of water components and structures in the formation of the architectural environment // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №4(42) P.8-14.


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