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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Nazarova I.V. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleTo a question of creation of the sentry cities of the Volga-Kamya region of the middle of XVIth-XVIIth centuries
Abstract.The majority of the cities of the Volga-Kama of XVIth-XVIIIth centuries can be referred to a type of small sentry fortresses with wooden constructive structure. Only the Kazan Kremlin had a wooden and stone structure at the end of the XVIth century. Wood isn not a durable material therefore nowadays medieval sentry cities of the Volga-Kama are almost completely lost. For a research of the medieval cities of the Volga-Kama the author has carried out the analysis of historical and architectural, archival and graphic sources of XVIth-XVIIIth centuries. The basic planning, composite and constructive principles of construction of the fortified cities of the Volga-Kama are revealed. Within the declared question the ancient system of a construction of the Russian cities is analyzed. Creation of the Volga-Kama cities of XVIth-XVIIIth centuries conformed to fortification requirements of this period. No city was erected without fortifications. At this time the city and fortress had identical concepts.
Keywords.patrol, fort, hail, tower, territory of Posad, settlement, plan, composition, design.
For citations:Nazarova I.V. To a question of creation of the sentry cities of the Volga-Kamya region of the middle of XVIth-XVIIth centuries // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №4(38) P.35-43.


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