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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Balakina L.A. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleArchitecture of the inhabited space: a biblical aspect
Abstract.The interest to the Bible as to a unconventional source of scientific interpretations has increased now; researches of the Scripture texts with reference to various scientific areas including the history of architecture and urban planning are carried out. The purpose of this article is an attempt to comprehend the information about biblical settlements from exegetic positions. Aside from spiritual meanings in the sacred texts, we found a variety of information about the elements of the urban environment. All biblical settlements can be classified on the principle of the authorship of creation: by the Lord God and by man. The Lord God made habitats: Paradise, Israel camp, the New Jerusalem. In the Bible, there are some specific information and detailed descriptions on the basis of which it is possible to define the principles of organization of the territory: it has signs centric geometrically regular planning system, which reflects the idea of the polar world order. The author's hypothetical graphic reconstructions are presented. About ancient biblical cities, built by people (Jericho, Babylon, Jerusalem, Bethlehem and many others), there is only fragmentary and contextual information about the elements of the urban environment. Their planning concept is not clearly defined, although evidence of archaeological excavations and historical certificates exists. The theme of the heavenly Jerusalem had a significant effect on the utopian projects of the «ideal» cities.
Keywords.Bible exegesis, the interpretation of information about places of habitats, hypothetical graphic reconstructions of the town plans.
For citations:Balakina L.A. Architecture of the inhabited space: a biblical aspect // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №4(38) P.147-154.


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