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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Chebinev A.I. – professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Chebineva E.V. – senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleEvolution of sculptural decoration in architecture
Abstract.The sculptural decoration, which was formed in the ancient world, used and developed throughout the history of the European states, bulk and decorative solutions. In the 19th century, apart from the traditional citation sculpture in architectural structures as a lot of new space was found. The sculptural decoration, in all its splendor is widely used in the exterior and interior of the 19th century lost its importance in the early 20th century to the period of the new millennium, characterized by its own specific use of decorative sculpture, as a style of development it has passed certain evolution in both his capacities: as an element of artistic design interior and directly stylistically. The difference between the two approaches has become particularly evident in the twentieth century. Qualitative characteristics of the external form of the building and interior spaces are distinguished by the conditions of their formation. For the bulk composition of the outer form characteristic of uniqueness regardless of the complexity or simplicity of its plastic solution. The internal space is multivalued structure consisting of a combination of shapes. This property is shown in the interior of his aesthetic perception change a variety of experiences and is used in the composite organization, based on the spatial perception of the room enclosing surfaces. The composition of the means of expression is the essence of a composite task. The aim is to achieve a composition of the integrity and unity of the interior experience. The basis of the solution space is the unity choice of accepting development envelope of interior surfaces: tectonic, fine-tectonic and decorative. Features of each receiving help identify aesthetically-shaped the quality of interior space.
Keywords.the sculptural decoration of the 19th century; the evolution of the sculpture to the present day; basic principles for the use of sculpture in modern interior.
For citations:Chebinev A.I., Chebineva E.V. Evolution of sculptural decoration in architecture // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №4(38) P.139-145.


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