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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Mikhaylova A.S. – candidate of art, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Nadyrshin N.M. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleBionic pattern in architecture and design
Abstract.Contemporary design and architecture are turning to the topic of spatial patterns on the fundamentally new level. In general, this is a combination and repetition of different visual elements having various uses depending on the discipline or technology. The article is devoted to one of the current trends in the field of design – to parametrism, namely a bionic pattern in architecture. Parametrism technique transforms geometric patterns in the new register of tectonic articulation of architectural design. The article briefly examines the main trends of shaping patterns – texture mapping/panelisation, techniques of surface partitioning, the patterns on the basis of flat rectangles, bearing structures, hexagonal grids, patterns based on circles and radial structures. We consider in detail the bio-mimetic or bionic pattern with analysis of methods of its formation with reference to the authors of world renown. Combining elements of botany, morphology, topology, optical effects and emergent growing elements, this system represents a new generation of membranes derived from parametric models using the «complexity» as strategy of modern design to enhance their attractiveness.
Keywords.city design, design of the environment, design of the city, modern design, post-industrial design, parametric design, bionics, biomorphism, pattern, architectural pattern, pattern in design.
For citations:Mikhaylova A.S., Nadyrshin N.M. Bionic pattern in architecture and design // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №4(38) P.96-103.


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