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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Akhmetzyanov R.I. – student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Danchenko L.V. – senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Rybalkina R.I. – senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleGeometric and structural features of hyperboloid structures
Abstract.Since the XXth century till present, in architecture and construction hyperbolic surfaces have been often used. Hyperbolic surfaces are surfaces which have an infinite number of sections forming the hyperbole. Humanity has accumulated rich experience in the use of these surfaces as basic formation of the entire structure and its individual parts. Rationality of design based on hyperbolic surfaces was proved long ago, and in this regard one can see how often they are used in the coatings of individual and large span structures. On the basis of the one-sheet hyperboloid tent structures are built, such as the Khan Shatyr in Astana, high-rise buildings of various types – television towers, such as in Guangzhou, China. Hyperboloids have a potential to be used as a spatial coverings. This is hanging membrane kind of structures, coverings of sports facilities (the ice rink Saddledome in Calgary, Canada), public buildings (the airport in St. Louis, the USA).
Keywords.hyperbolic paraboloid, one-sheet hyperboloid, hyperboloid structures, shell, television tower, rod design.
For citations:Akhmetzyanov R.I., Danchenko L.V., Rybalkina R.I Geometric and structural features of hyperboloid structures // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №4(30) P.59-64.


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