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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Brehman A.I. – doctor of technical sciences, professor Musin V.I. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleThe study of transport-operational characteristics and determination of their laws on bypass roads around the middle and small cities of the Republic of Tatarstan
Abstract.Export of overflying traffic of vehicle outward plays an important role in ecology and safety level increasing in cities and towns. Especially urban areas of trunk-roads are exposed to intense traffic load. For junction of the traffic on the way to the cities in an effort to exclude of transit traffic passing across it bypasses and lateral road are built. Analysis of accidents in the Republic of Tatarstan, shows that high accident risk is observed on both bypasses and lateral roads. Traffic accidents density per 1 km of roads on bypasses and lateral roads around cities and towns is 0,55, that 3-3,5 times higher than on other roads of the Republic of Tatarstan (0,16). More than 90 % of all accidents in the areas of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2013 were committed by drivers of transit transport. Only in this century in the country the building of bypasses and lateral roads is started to give weight to in an effort to low accident risk and improve the ecology in the cities and towns. The aim of this work is to determine the patterns of change in the intensity and composition of motion, average speed under different road conditions on bypass roads around the middle and small cities of the Republic of Tatarstan for the determination of their carrying capacity, select the number of lanes as well as the assessment of road safety, to establish laws regime traffic flow and fuel consumption of vehicles in specific road conditions.
Keywords.traffic, traffic composition, speed, traffic density, bypass.
For citations:Brehman A.I., Musin V.I. The study of transport-operational characteristics and determination of their laws on bypass roads around the middle and small cities of the Republic of Tatarstan // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №4(30) P.313-319.


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