Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Mirsayapov I.Т. – doctor of technical sciences, professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Koroleva I.V. – candidate of technical sciences, senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleGeotechnical monitoring features of unique buildings and structures
Abstract.The article provides geotechnical monitoring features of unique buildings – conducting observations of the state, timely identification and development of existing deviations in the behavior of above-ground structures stadium and residential complex, bases its foundations and the surrounding soil mass on the configuration and the preservation of the environment, development of forecasting the state object, its impact on the atmospheric, geological, hydrogeological and hydrological environment during the construction and operation of the following years to assess changes in their condition, early defect detection, prevention and elimination of negative processes and the evaluation of the correctness of the accepted methods of calculation, design solutions and the results of the forecast. Geotechnical monitoring system of structures and foundations consists of the following sections: 1. An automated system for measuring stress and strain in the construction of the building and the ground. The system involves a variety of electronic sensors on the structural elements of buildings to determine the effects of physical and impacts to their strength and deformability. 2. Geodetic measurements. Performed using leveling and allow you to define the movement of the object (building or parts of it) in the space, including the measurement of precipitation and rolls. 3. GPR survey. GPR method is an effective non-destructive testing. The main advantage of this method is the high detail and performance. 4. Geophysical studies. Geophysical studies of soils (seismic) are carried out to obtain seismograms, which after processing is converted into a temporary or a deep cut. 5. The study deviation from the vertical structures of buildings and the displacement of the slope. Produced by inclinometers (tilt sensors). 6. Evaluation of the results of monitoring. Assessment of building elements considered by analyzing the development of sediment mainly with regard to the spatial stress-strain state and the duration of the load.
Keywords.Slope, the safety of the building, triaxial, slope stability monitoring system.
For citations:Mirsayapov I.Т., Koroleva I.V. Geotechnical monitoring features of unique buildings and structures // Izvestiya KGASU. 2013. №4(26) P.147-154.

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