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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Ashrapov A.Kh. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Abdrahmanova L.A. – doctor of technical sciences, professor Nizamov R.K. – doctor of technical sciences, professor Fakhrutdinova V.Kh. – candidate of chemical sciences, associate professor Potapova L.I. – candidate of chemical sciences, associate professor Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleResearches of the mechanism of influence sol of silicon on properties of polyvinylchloride compositions
Abstract.Work describes effectiveness of application of nanodimensional sols of silicon for updating PVC compositions is considered. Results of research of change physical, mechanical and operational processing behavior of polyvinylchloride compositions are given at introduction of nanodimensional sols of silicon acid. It is established that introduction of 0,002-0,003 mass. parts sols of silicon in PVC composition leads to increase in durability (on the average for 12 %), to heat stability increase from 15 to 22 minutes (approximately for 47 %) and to decrease of water absorption by 55 %. Melt flow rate tends body height to 0,003 mass. parts sols of silicon in composition. For an assessment of possible chemical interaction sols of silicon with PVC method IR-spectroscopy was used. It is shown that improvement of structure and physical condition of polymeric composition can be at the expense of emergence of hydrogen bridges and streamlining of structure of water in the conditions of polar groups of PVC, and also thanks to structure-forming effect of the loose d-orbitals of silicon and the lone electronic pairs of chlorine and oxygen of the polymer, owing to bonding of donor-acceptor character.
Keywords.Polymeric composite, polyvinylchloride, sol of silicon, nanodimensional additive, nanomodification.
For citations:Ashrapov A.Kh., Abdrahmanova L.A., Nizamov R.K., Fakhrutdinova V.Kh., Potapova L.I. Researches of the mechanism of influence sol of silicon on properties of polyvinylchloride compositions // Izvestiya KGASU. 2012. №4(22) P.257-262.


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