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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Agisheva Inga Nazimovna candidate of architecture, professor Pokka Ekaterina Vladimirovna candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1 Gorbunov Alexey Pavlovich chief architect NJSC «MOSTAF» The organization address: 420124, Russia, Kazan, Yamashev ave., 37 b
Title of the articleEvolution of transport and pedestrian bridge architecture
Abstract.Problem statement. The aim of research is to define priority in architecture of transport and pedestrian bridges of transport and pedestrian zones, to analyze a functional and spatial and art and figurative system of these zones throughout a historical way of development of transport and pedestrian bridges. To allocate the main stages of formation of these zones, to track their evolution. Results. The carried-out analysis allowed to reveal several stages of development of the transport and pedestrian bridges arose for providing a joint safe crossing of two streams – people and the vehicles operated by them. In an article the architectural system of transport and pedestrian bridges are analyzed on the example of bridges of ancient China, the first transport and pedestrian bridges in Europe, transport and pedestrian bridges of an era of technical revolution and bridges of the 20th and 21st centuries. Conclusions. The importance of the received results for architecture consists in definition that the transport and pedestrian bridge as a look arose when the pedestrian bridge was allocated as an independent view of bridges. Bridges with the mixed movement of people and transport remained until for two of these types of movement on them did not begin to solve separate zones. Development of vehicles, and, above all – speed of their movement, defined a priority of their zone on bridges. The period of revaluation of priorities came with judgment of the importance for people of spaces of pedestrian zones of bridges. As a result the zone of the pedestrian movement began to win the leading role in the functional and spatial and art and figurative solution of transport and pedestrian bridges.
Keywords.architecture, transport and pedestrian bridge, roadbed, pedestrian zone, recreation zone.
For citations:Agisheva I.N., Pokka E.V., Gorbunov A.P. Evolution of transport and pedestrian bridge architecture // Izvestiya KGASU. 2019. №3(49) P.42-52.


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