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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Mubarakshina F.D. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleThe architecture of ice and snow: the vanishing beauty
Abstract.Problem statement. Since ancient times, the use of the ice and snow as building materials attracted people. Of course, these constructions were the most primitive appearance, but this did not prevent the people, who lived along the coast of the Arctic Ocean, in the absence of other building materials actively use the structural features of ice and snow in the construction of a needle type dwellings. In article features of construction of the needle, the traditional domestic winter dwellings of the Eskimos, which is a small domed structure made of snow bricks. The purpose of this article is to study the world experience of construction of buildings made of ice and snow. Results. The article considers the positive side of the ice construction: - high aesthetic effect from the perception of beautiful appearance elegant and spectacular white transparent ice structures; - economic effect: icy objects is a huge contribution to the development of foreign and domestic tourism industry; - cultural-cognitive effect: ice complexes is one of the means of actualization of the historical, cultural and architectural heritage; - educational effect: the construction of ice is a great way of teaching students, the future architects. The article studies the world experience of the ice objects design. The nomenclature that includes the most characteristic types of ice architecture is developed. The historical stages of the emergence, formation and development of the architecture of the ice and snow are identified. Conclusion. The tasks to improve the functional, technical and aesthetic qualities of the ice architecture.
Keywords.architecture of ice and snow, igloos, seasonal architecture; the nomenclature of ice architecture objects.
For citations:Mubarakshina F.D. The architecture of ice and snow: the vanishing beauty // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №3(41) P.41-48.


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