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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Smolova M.V. – candidate of architecture E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleTypological variety of subway networks as the reflection of spatial and layout city structure
Abstract.Problem statement. The analysis of operational, constructed and projected subway systems in the previously considered cities and in over 100 other world cities showed that their type depended upon the city street network structure which is the principal component of the city lay-out in general. There is no doubt that the same dependence of the subway system upon another component – the way functions are distributed and concentrated in the city, which is proved by the above considered experience of projecting and building subway in London, New York, Paris, Tokyo, Moscow. Results. The main types of subway networks result from the analysis of their development in various world cities, they are as follows: linear, radial, complex branching, closed branching, circular-radial, diagonal grid (lattice). Conclusions. Revealing the correspondence of the subway the to the city lay-out provides the opportunity of purposeful selection of an optimum network design and reduction of subway development options considered.
Keywords.the subway underground network, city street network structure, transfer stations, subway type.
For citations:Smolova M.V. Typological variety of subway networks as the reflection of spatial and layout city structure // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №3(41) P.75-85.


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