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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Balakina L.A. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleTemporary accommodation: history and urban development
Abstract.Unstable geopolitical situation, social, technological and environmental disasters and natural hazards may cause urgent problems of resettlement of people in temporary accommodation. The article is devoted to the generalization of practical experience in temporary accommodation establishing, which is an urgent task at the moment. Historical background gives an idea about the retrospective of formation of temporary settlements. The planning structure of the Israel's encampment in the author's analytic interpretation and graphic reconstruction from the descriptions in the Bible texts is represented as the sample. The typological features of modern temporary settlements were revealed, and have been compared with historical examples. Analysis of different characteristics of the planning structure formation was produced and it became the basis for a systematization of the results. A proposed classification of temporary settlements reflects the various aspects of their organization: by the time factor, by volitional choice, according to an occupation, by social status, according contingent, according demographics, according to the intent, according to number of residents, according to seasons, by the nature of the territorial use, by location, by the nature of the formation of the planning structure, according to the functional structure, by the nature of dwellings placement, by dwellings types. The present study shows the basic principles of the temporary settlements formation and gives reason to predict the prospects of development.
Keywords.ancient nomadic settlements, encampment of Israel, the modern types of temporary settlements, planning structure, systematization, development prospects.
For citations:Balakina L.A. Temporary accommodation: history and urban development // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №3(37) P.93-101.

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