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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Smolova M.V. – associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleArchitectural and artistic concepts of subway architecture
Abstract.The world-wide existing architectural and spatial design of subway junctions serves one of two opposite architectural and artistic (and the corresponding functional) concepts – «representative» and «utilitarian». The first one was the key concept during the construction of Moscow subway (1935-1950). It reflected the enthusiasm and the architectural ideas of those times. The «utilitarian» concept reflected the main trend of foreign practice of subway construction. Removal of functional exclusiveness is peculiar about it. It`s not the station as a part of a subway line and something completed which is in project, but the station as a part of the underground – and surface complex uniting various means of transportation lines, first, and, second, as a spot where various urban public functions are concentrated and coordinated; and, finally, the station whose structure ensures the opportunity of maximal spatial expanding, involving, transforming and establishing new functionally technological contacts with a multipurpose environment. These are vast underground squares of Vienna, Munich, cut with subway escalators and travolators, multilevel and multicircular structures of Defense in Paris; huge transport and trade underground complexes of Tokyo and Osaka; multifunctional underground transport complexes of Brussels, Philadelphia, Detroit, Frankfurt-on-Main, London; trade complexes of Lyons, Lille, Los Angeles, etc., as prototypes of the future urban public centers.
Keywords.the subway underground network, the «utilitarian» concept, the «representative» concept, person within the subway system the architectural and artistic design of the stations.
For citations:Smolova M.V. Architectural and artistic concepts of subway architecture // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №3(37) P.68-74.


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