Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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About the authors

First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Rinat K. Mukhitov, candidate of architecture, associate professor, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Anna E. Gordeeva, architect, Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering, Kazan, Russian Federation. Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Title of the articleNeuroarchitecture: architecture that affects people`s feelings
Abstract.Problem statement. This article discusses one of the current trends – a sensory approach to architectural design, as a solution to the problems caused by globalization. Today, the urban environment negatively affects people, because of which people have the following problems: stress, depression, decreased immunity, etc. To reduce the negative impact of the urban environment on humans and its aforementioned consequences, new approaches to architectural design are required, with the help of which, the architect will be able to take into account the feelings of a person and stimulate him to various activities. Today, domestic theorists and practitioners of architecture strive for this approach intuitively, while abroad this topic is more relevant and scientifically substantiated in the works of J.Pallasmaa, C.Spence, A.Perez-Gomez and J.P.Eberhard. The influence of neuroscience on architecture recognized, as neuroscience gives us an understanding of how the human brain, body, and building interact. Using the data of neurobiology in the design, an intriguing direction for modern architects neuroarchitecture has appeared. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the role of neuroarchitecture as an architectural design tool in order to influence a person, his health, behavior, abilities and well-being. The objectives of this study are: to assess the impact of neuroscience on architecture; definition of the term neuroarchitecture; revealing the role of each feeling, as well as their complex for architectural practice. Results. In the course of this study, the influence of the discovery of neuroscience was determined - the human brain is plastic and able to change in response to the environment - to architecture. An architectural environment designed according to the principles of neuroscience is called neuroarchitecture. It has been established that neuroarchitecture is a new tool for architects that allows them to design high-quality spaces that can improve peoples lives, consciously and scientifically substantiated. Also in this study, both basic human senses and proprioception as a sixth sense are analyzed. It is important to note that a person always experiences a complex of feelings, therefore, a multi-sensory approach to architectural design has become especially relevant, taking into account the entire range of human feelings in the aggregate. Conclusions. The significance of the results obtained lies in the theoretical and practical understanding of foreign experience in the formation of architecture with the help of neurobiology - neuroarchitecture. Knowledge of neuroarchitecture can improve the quality of architectural solutions, which reduces the negative impact of the urban environment on a person, also improves the efficiency of human activity, its well-being and high quality of life.
Keywords.neurobiology, neuroarchitecture, architecture, sensory, senses, multisensory design
For citations:Mukhitov R.K., Gorgeeva A.E. Neuroarchitecture: architecture that affects people`s feelings//News KSUAE 2022 № 2(60). c. 59-71, DOI: 10.52409/20731523_2022_2_59 EDN: CMHOGD

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