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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Petrova Maria Mikhailovna architect E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it JSC «Kazan Giproniiaviaprom» The organization address: 420127, Russia, Kazan, Dementiev st. 1 Khafizov Rinat Rashitovich senior lecturer Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articlePrinciples of formation of the functional and architectural-planning structure of institutions for orphans
Abstract.Problem statement. This study analyzes positive examples of implemented institutions for orphans within five countries: Russia, Denmark, Germany, France, USA. Their functional and architectural-planning structure is studied in order to develop design principles and the main typological classification of modern institutions is highlighted. The object of the research is modern institutions for orphans implemented in the Russian Federation and abroad. The subject of the research is functional and architectural and planning solutions of institutions for orphans within the boundaries of five countries – Russia, Denmark, Germany, France and the United States. The purpose of the study is to develop principles and recommendations for the formation of a functional planning structure of institutions for orphans, which will help prepare a child for an independent life and shape his personality. Research objectives: to study the domestic and foreign experience of designing institutions for orphans; to form the basic principles of the functional and architectural-planning structure of institutions for orphans; draw up a typological classification of these institutions. Results. As a result of the analysis of domestic and foreign experience in designing institutions for orphans, the main principles of the functional planning structure have been identified and typological classification of modern institutions has been drawn up. Conclusions. Recommendations for the creation of institutions for orphans have been formulated and theoretical foundations for further research and implementation in this project activity have been identified.
Keywords.architectural and planning structure, orphanage, family-type orphanage, boarding school, orphans, foreign architecture, domestic architecture.
For citations:Petrova M. M., Khafizov R. R. Principles of Formation of the Functional and Architectural-Planning Structure of Institutions for Orphans // Izvestija KGASU. 2021. № 2 (56). Р. 161–172. DOI: 10.52409/20731523_2021_2_161.

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