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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Zakirova T.R. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya str., 1
Title of the articleCreative direction and search of architectural and artistic image in the architecture of Kazan in the first years of Soviet power (1917-first half of the 1930s.)
Abstract.Problem statement. The article aims to show the enormous impact of the October Socialist Revolution on the development of the creative process in the architecture of the capital of Tatarstan – Kazan. Revealed how difficult the search for ways of new form-building in architecture and the search for its new architectural-artistic image, reflecting the revolutionary changes taking place in the state occurred. Results. Architects and artists of Kazan aspired to not only reflect the revolutionary reality in their work, but also to establish new socialist revolutionary ideals. The harsh reality dictated simplicity, conciseness, functional and constructive conditioning of architectural forms. This was expressed in the stylistic direction prevailing then in Kazan – architectural constructivism. Conclusions. The outward appearance of Kazans public buildings of this period was characterized by schematism and asceticism of the image, which had a negative effect on the appearance of the city. In the 1920s a new understanding of the synthesis of arts was born. It is an organic interconnection of all kinds of arts on the basis of the agitational nature of forms and the complete fusion of art with life. In connection with the contradiction between the concrete content of monumental works and the non-pictorial character of the constructivist forms that have arisen, in Kazan there is a refusal of monumental art. The main elements in the synthesis with architecture are the means of agitation art.
Keywords.creative direction, architectural and artistic image, the synthesis of the arts.
For citations:Zakirova T.R. Creative direction and search of architectural and artistic image in the architecture of Kazan in the first years of Soviet power (1917-first half of the 1930s.) // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №2(40) P.18-25.


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