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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Lisitsyna A.V. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Nizhniy Novgorod State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 603950, Russia, Nizhniy Novgorod, Ilinskaya st., 65
Title of the articleThe historical and architectural environment of «border» towns of Nizhny-Novgorod region of the river Volga
Abstract.The paper studies the influence of architecture and urban planning traditions of the city of Nizhny Novgorod on the historical and architectural environment of small and medium towns and settlements located at the boundaries of Nizhny-Novgorod region of the river Volga, i.e. Vetluga, Vyksa, Gorokhovets, Murom, Yurino, Yurievets, and Yadrin. Administratively subordinated to Nizhny Novgorod in certain periods of their history, now almost all of them belong to the neighboring territories (regions and republics). These towns are located in five geographic routes, each being in the outskirts of three regions and in the sphere of influence of three cities. The paper analyses the relationship between the «border» location of the studied towns and the specific features of their historical and architectural environment that was a transitional stage from the urban environment with its significant professional component to the traditional rural environment. For each town, the paper identifies the major milestones of their urban development and the most important cultural heritage of different periods of history, from the middle of the XVI century until the beginning of the XX century. It is shown that the cities influence on the medium and small towns surrounding them has been and remains versatile, multi-layered, multiple-vector. First of all, it manifests itself at the level of primary structures, i.e. the economics, industry, trade, and then is brightly displayed in the material and spiritual culture, which integral components are urban planning, architecture and art.
Keywords.Nizhny-Novgorod region of the river Volga, Nizhny Novgorod, small and mid-sized historical towns, historical and architectural environment, town planning.
For citations:Lisitsyna A.V. The historical and architectural environment of «border» towns of Nizhny-Novgorod region of the river Volga // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №2(36) P.39-48.

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