Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Aitov R.R. – candidate of architecture, professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Afanasyeva E.A. – candidate of psychological sciences, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleThe traditional coloring of the Tatar rural houses in modern conditions
Abstract.The article presents the results of the study of color modern individual rural residential building of the Republic of Tatarstan. Found stable reproduction of the basic principles and methods of traditional Tatar coloring. This is polychromatic color scheme in green, blue, white and yellow, traditional techniques of contrasting colors and alternating colors (color stripe). Features of national color compositions are embodied in a traditional wooden building and saved in using modern building and finishing materials – brick, concrete, vinyl siding, metal profiled sheet. The basis of the stability of tradition is the immutability of national artistic and aesthetic views and tastes. They determine the features of working with modern materials, their processing (painting), selection and combination. Analysis and generalization of the obtained factual material allows to identify different types of interactions modern forms and materials of individual housing with traditional color solutions. The first type of interaction is the adaptation of materials (painting of concrete, brick and metal) to the requirements of the national coloring with using traditional architectural forms. The second type of interaction is the selection of new materials to reproduce traditional forms (in particular, traditional decor) in the traditional colors. The third type of interaction – a new combination of materials to reproduce traditional decorative and color composition. The fourth type of interaction – refusal of reproduction of traditional forms and compositions (and often the refusal of the decor) in the selection of new materials and designs; but with the persistence of traditional colors. Color composition of residential houses and other buildings demonstrates the highest degree of stability of traditions, reproducing even in the rejection of traditional forms and decoration. Builders and craftsmen demonstrate considerable ingenuity, implementing the permanence of national artistic and aesthetic views and tastes in changing modern conditions.
Keywords.coloring, the architecture of Tatarstan, folk wooden architecture, rural residential house, modern construction and finishing materials.
For citations:Aitov R.R., Afanasyeva E.A. The traditional coloring of the Tatar rural houses in modern conditions // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №2(36) P.7-16.

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