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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Zakirova V.I. – post-graduate student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Zeifert M.G. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleModern living conditions of wheelchair users in the city of Kazan
Abstract.This article analyzes the modern living conditions and principles of settlement of wheelchair users in apartment buildings of the city of Kazan. Positive trend in the organization of accessible urban environment appeared in 1980-90-s. In 2011, the Russian Government adopted a long-term federal target program «Accessible Environment for 2011-2015». Today more than 650 wheelchair users live in Kazan, most of them need to improve their living conditions and can not go out of their apartment without assistance. Psychological, social and medical studies suggest the possibility of the most complete rehabilitation of the disabled only for its integration into the living environment healthy citizens and living environment is an important and priority factor in rehabilitation wheelchair. Subsequently, there was a need to review the mass construction of multifamily housing, within which the optimal parameters and living conditions in the existing building and the possibility of adapting it for wheelchairs were required to be determined. The author periodised the existing housing stock of the city in view of the conditions of the local urban development on tentative 6 stages. The most used series and types of houses, where wheelchair users lives, were revealed according to the information about the mass construction of the postwar period of Kazan. The current conditions of resettlement disabled were also analyzed, the most populated areas, types of homes and the predominant numbers of floors of accommodation were identified. The most favorable living conditions for wheelchair users are defined in the homes of the last period with an improved layout and apartments where the front group is available for almost all people with limited mobility, or require minor activities for its adaptation.
Keywords.Architecture, residential development, multiple family dwelling, housing the city of Kazan, residential areas, wheelchair persons, rehabilitation, social inclusion, accommodation, people with limited mobility.
For citations:Zakirova V.I., Zeifert M.G. Modern living conditions of wheelchair users in the city of Kazan // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №2(28) P.51-57.


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