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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Mubarakshina F.D. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Safina G.I. – student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleHistorical examples of foreign and domestic landscaping and improvement of the environment as prototypes of modern vertical gardens and gardens on the roofs
Abstract.Since ancient times, people in Europe have tried to organize public gardens in different ways. Since then every country formed its own style of making gardens and parks. History knows vivid examples of garden and park art. The tradition of making gardens on the roofs comes from the first simplest Scandinavian houses, which were planted by grass on the tops. In this article there are also some examples of gardens of Babylon, Greece, Egypt. There are some examples of the Eastern tradition of forming parks on the example of Azerbaijan. The medieval examples are the Italian garden on the island of Isola Bella, Russian gardens in St. Petersburg and Moscow Kremlin and parks in Germany, Sweden and some others. In the past the gardens organized in order to create additional comfort for the person or for the domestic needs. In dry lands extra green surface served as a source of coolness, and in the northern regions, by contrast, defended the house from the wind and cold. Nowadays architecture has recently been influenced very strongly by the deterioration of the environment. Mankind is now thinking about the improving this situation. The citizens are moving out of the city to breathe cleaner air, grow their own environmentally-friendly plants in gardens. The desire to improve the ecological situation in the city has also become one of the important reasons for the additional landscaping, along with the desire to make cities more comfortable and attractive to people. Specialists are trying to add more green areas inside the cities, using new techniques such as vertical gardens, extensive and intensive green roofs, which is not widely spread right now.
Keywords.Landscaping and gardening, vertical garden, gardens on the roofs.
For citations:Mubarakshina F.D., Safina G.I. Historical examples of foreign and domestic landscaping and improvement of the environment as prototypes of modern vertical gardens and gardens on the roofs // Izvestiya KGASU. 2013. №2(24) P.70-76.


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