Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Zakirova Tatiana Rifgatovna candidate of architecture, assistant professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleDevelopment of public buildings types of Kazan and principles of their placing at the end of XVIII-XIX centuries
Abstract.Problem statement. The aim of the article is to show the development of town-planning structure of Kazan at the end of XVIII-XIX centuries to open social and economic preconditions of occurrence of types of public buildings of Kazan, and to show principles of their placing in city structure. Results. The architecture of Kazan develops alongside the old architecture and its influence on each of the stages of development manifested itself in a significant way. As a result of ongoing state reforms in Kazan, many new types of public buildings appear that are located within the city in accordance with general urban trends, but taking into account local urban and national characteristics. Conclusions. The significance of the obtained results for the architecture consists in revealing the types of public buildings and the principles of their location in the process of historical development of Kazan, which can and should be taken into account in the modern design of the architecture of the city. Throughout the period under review, gradually by the end of the XIX century, a functional differentiation of public buildings along the upper and lower terraces of the city was formed. On the upper terrace of the city are located, mainly, administrative and cultural and educational institutions, at the bottom – trade and household. The Tatar part of the lower terrace was to a certain extent impaired by a set of types of public buildings. In the placement of Tatar buildings, the town-planning traditions of national origin were preserved.
Keywords.public buildings, architecture, building structure, town-planning principles.
For citations:Zakirova T.R. Development of public buildings types of Kazan and principles of their placing at the end of XVIII-XIX centuries // Izvestiya KGASU. 2018. №1(43) P.41-47.

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