Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Pokka E.V. – candidate of architecture, senior lecturer E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Agisheva I.N. – candidate of architecture, professor Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleWorks of the architect Ivan Leonidov
Abstract.Problem statement. In a situation of a new socialist system emergence the architecture school is divided into various onstage creative groups where conceptual creative platforms, theories and methods of designing, profession teaching methods are jointly developed. As a result of research in the field of intellectual component of architecture appear scientifically developed method of functional design and the theory of architectural composition. Since the mid-twenties the avant-garde of the Soviet architecture gets new leader, whose creativity is not limited by the boundaries of group membership. It is Ivan Leonidov. The article seeks to explore the work of this architect. Results. In 1927 at «The first exhibition of modern architecture» among numerous domestic and foreign projects the project of the Institute of Library Science named after Lenin is contrasty selected. It is the degree project of I. Leonidov. The project of the House of the industry, the competitive project executed in 1929. It is an innovative development of the office building which space-planning solution and an art system outstripped its figurative and typological characteristics by several decades. The second project is an answer to the task set for architects by the governmental decree of forming the «Socialist resettlement» in the country. The first implementation of this resolution becomes a competition held in 1930, to create the city of Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine. In 1934 I. Leonidov creates one more masterpiece. It is the competitive project of the House of Peoples Committee of heavy industry (The ministries of the heavy industry). Conclusions. All his creativity I. Leonidov was a visionary of modern architecture. Great architects such as Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer and is followed by I. Leonidov put into practice what he had anticipated. Magnificent creations of modern architects as Z. Hadid, E. Fuksas, architects Coop Himmelblau group et al., using flowable plastic surfaces of the second order, at the origin of the vision that was Ivan Leonidov., creative groups, modern architecture, spatial and planning organization.
For citations:Pokka E.V., Agisheva I.N. Works of the architect Ivan Leonidov // Izvestiya KGASU. 2017. №1(39) P.54-63.

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