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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Babakova A.V. – student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Denisenko E.V. – candidate of architecture, assistant E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleCriterias of formation bionic architecture in the XIX century
Abstract.In the era of the global environmental crisis, the creation of architectural and natural space is a way of solving the problem. A modern approach to environmental research contributes to the development patterns of the interaction of architecture and the environment. An important component of this environment – the architectural space. Systematized current trends of architecture related to nature: organic architecture, biomorfizm, architectural bionic, bio-tech, eco-architecture. Formulated criterias of bionic architecture: the decor – a tool to reflect national circumstances; constructions – the device and the functional connections of the living organism and natural analogues transported into the architecture; landscape – the main structure, which determines the form of building; form – a reflection of concepts and ideas; function – the formation of a comfortable space; materials – a reflection of regionalism in architecture; technology – the possibility of a harmonious interaction between architecture and nature with innovative technical methods; symbolism – philosophy, the personification of natural and spiritual ties of nature and architecture. The interaction of architecture and nature are formed by criterias of bionic architecture.
Keywords.сriterias of bionic architecture, architectural and natural space, organic architecture, biomorfizm, architectural bionic, bio-tech, eco-architecture, eco-reurbanization, ecologization of space.
For citations:Babakova A.V., Denisenko E.V. Criterias of formation bionic architecture in the XIX century // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №1(35) P.16-25.


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