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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Kramina T.A. – associate professor Safin I.F. – student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Zaripova G.A. – student E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya,
Title of the articleNew types of fuel and energy facilities
Abstract.The adoption of effective measures to conserve traditional hydrocarbon fuels is a multi- task, be combined with the search for ways to attract alternative energy sources. World practice shows sufficient efficiency of solar, wind and geoenergy. However, the climatic conditions of the Russian Federation restrain their large-scale application . In this regard, this work is devoted to another, the most effective in the central regions of Russia and Siberia since renewable energy, biofuels. Biomass is one of the most powerful natural energy storage. This plant and animal materials which may be converted into thermal energy and other forms of energy. Scientific and practical interest provides an opportunity to use it to create biofuel boilers. It offers two ways to create new, basically a block of modular prefabricated maximum biofuel boilers and reconstruction of the existing facilities, a fossil fuel with the introduction of a flow chart bioinstallation and other equipment. The system allowed the research to advance the current understanding of the integrated use of renewable energy sources and energy efficient technologies, a methodological and computational basis for the design and construction of energy-efficient systems. In addition to the work are real and indisputable enough guidance on the design and operation of pilot bioboiler room. The authors set out a conceptual approach to the use of biofuels, which allows parallel to solve the environmental problems inherent in the present, such as the harmful emissions that pollute the environment, greenhouse effect and others. At the same time address issues of waste disposal. Techno-economic evaluation of the proposed solutions has shown that the specific capital expenditures associated with the device bioinstallation pay off in 4 years.
Keywords.Biofuels, biofuel boilers, alternative biofuels.
For citations:Kramina T.A., Safin I.F., Zaripova G.A. New types of fuel and energy facilities // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №1(27) P.50-54.


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