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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Safiullin R.K. – doctor of physical-mathematical sciences, professor Е-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleMovements and forces in non-inertial frames of reference. The influence of Koriolis inertial force on the climate of the Earth
Abstract.Physicists prefer to deal with the inertial frames of reference (FR). However often it is more convenient to deal with the non-inertial FR. For example, the FR connected with the Earth is not strictly inertial one. That is caused mainly by the rotation of the Earth and its movement around the Sun. The deviations from strict inertiality appear in a number of phenomena such as larger steepness of the river’s right-hand banks on the North hemisphere and larger steepness of the river’s left hand-side banks – on the Southern hemisphere. Also deviations of falling masses from the vertical, origin of tropic winds as well as side deviations of rockets should be mentioned. Movement of masses in non-inertial FR may be described such as in inertial FR provided that so called «inertial forces» are introduced. These are: centrifugal and Koriolis ones and the forces caused by irregular rotation and translational acceleration of non-inertial FR. In the paper various phenomena associated with inertial forces are considered. Estimations for side deviations of rockets, for tropic winds as well as for other phenomena are made. The influence of Koriolis effect on the climate of the Earth is also discussed.
Keywords.Inertial, non-inertial frame of reference (FR), centrifugal force, Koriolis effect.
For citations:Safiullin R.K. Movements and forces in non-inertial frames of reference. The influence of Koriolis inertial force on the climate of the Earth // Izvestiya KGASU. 2014. №1(27) P.253-260.


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