Archive - Известия Казанского государственного архитектурно-строительного университета.

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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Mubarakshina F.D. – candidate of architecture, associate professor E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Rachkova O.G. – associate professor Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Zelenaya st., 1
Title of the articleModern typology and some problems of the architecture of transport facilities
Abstract.The history of traffic architecture facilities is closely connected with the history of the mankind. The oldest of them were built even before the new era. Temporary parking on the route of travel, transformed first to the inns, and then eventually evolved into the more advanced settlements and, as a result, often grew into the city. Transport facilities have a very important urban value. They are represented by different types of buildings and structures; they are designed to satisfy the practical needs of people connected with the movement and using a variety of vehicles. The authors propose their own classification of transport objects, including transport building and transport facilities. The transport buildings are terminals, river ports, airports, bus stations, garages, car parks, roadside multifunctional complexes, gas stations. The transport facilities are bridges, tunnels, crossings, subway stops, ramps, open parking. Further, the authors’ detail the most common transport buildings and structures with the illustrations of modern facilities. It is important nowadays to identify the features of forming of the transport objects, to see the problems and the perspectives of their development in the future because in the near future a significant expansion of their typology would be predicted. One of the new types of transportation objects will be combined station complexes, cooperated with other public buildings that will be further reorganized into multifunctional complexes and transport interchange nodes. The advanced technical development introduction and usage of large-shaping surfaces will help to solve the problem of creating extraordinary composite solutions of transport facilities architecture.
Keywords.Architecture of transport facilities, terminal, garage, bridge, subway.
For citations:Mubarakshina F.D., Rachkova O.G. Modern typology and some problems of the architecture of transport facilities // Izvestiya KGASU. 2012. №1(19) P.17-23.

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