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First name, Middle name, Last name, Scientific degree, Scientific rank, Current position. Full and brief name of the organization, The organization address.Khabibullin A.N. – architect E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it Construction Company «Radiant» The organization address: 420043, Russia, Kazan, Dostoevsky st., 40
Title of the articleKazan fortress in the Golden Horde period (XIII-XV century)
Abstract.The publication describes the development of the Kazan fortress in the Golden Horde period of the XIII-XV century. At this time, Kazan was a customs fortress on the Volga River and was a strategic point of the Kazan principality. The author puts into question the version of that in this period the city had fortifications. This fact is also confirmed archaeologically that already in the XIV century fortifications were restored. Functionally Kazan consisted of the fortress, the citadel and the discount. Additional walls and moats further strengthened the city. Since there is, the citadel at this time in the fortress of the mint inside the fortress was placed. Perhaps that appear during the Golden castle towers flanking fire to the wall. Inside the citadel stood a watchtower from which signals are fed to the other fortresses. We can say that the Kazan fortress in the XIII-XV centuries developed as a fortification. The city had several levels of defence with additional ditches, ramparts and walls. The architecture of the Kazan fortress on the period is the sample of the Tatar fortress with fortification elements.
Keywords.tartar fortification, Kazan fortress, defensive architecture Kazan facilities.
For citations:Khabibullin A.N. Kazan fortress in the Golden Horde period (XIII-XV century) // Izvestiya KGASU. 2016. №3(37) P.15-20.


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